* Copyright (c) 2017 Richard Braun.
* Copyright (c) 2017 Jerko Lenstra.
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
* copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
* to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
* the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
* and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
* Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
* FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
* DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
* These are values used in the OS image header, as defined by the multiboot
* See https://www.gnu.org/software/grub/manual/multiboot/multiboot.html.
#define BOOT_HDR_MAGIC 0x1BADB002
#define BOOT_HDR_CHECK 0x2BADB002
#define BOOT_HDR_FLAGS 0x0
* The .section directive tells the assembler which section the following
* instructions should go into.
* The "a" flag makes the section allocatable, meaning memory will be
* allocated for that section at load time.
* See https://sourceware.org/binutils/docs-2.29/as/Section.html#Section.
.section .hdr, "a"
/* Generate code for i386 */
* The .int directive is used to emit verbatim machine words. Here, the
* third word is the checksum of the first two, defined as "a 32-bit
* unsigned value which, when added to the other magic fields (i.e.
* ‘magic’ and ‘flags’), must have a 32-bit unsigned sum of zero".
* Intuitively, adding the two first words and making the result negative
* gives a value that, when added to the other fields, gives 0, despite
* the word being unsigned. This trick works because values use two's
* complement representation.
* See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two%27s_complement.
.int -(BOOT_HDR_FLAGS + BOOT_HDR_MAGIC)
* Put the following instructions into the .text section, which is
* allocatable and executable.
.section .text, "ax"
* This symbol is the entry point, i.e. the first instruction that should
* be run when control is passed to the kernel. The address of this symbol
* is what the following command returns :
* readelf -aW x1 | grep "Entry point"
* The .global directive tells the assembler to make the symbol global,
* i.e. to make it visible to other compilation units.
* When this code is run, the machine state should comply with what the
* multiboot specification defines.
cmp $BOOT_HDR_CHECK, %eax /* Compare EAX against the expected value */
jne . /* If not equal, jump to the current address.
This is an infinite loop. */
mov $boot_stack, %esp /* Set up a stack */
add $BOOT_STACK_SIZE, %esp /* On x86, stacks grow downwards, so start
at the top */
jmp main /* Jump to the C main function */
hlt /* Never reached, for safety */